Sculpture commemorating the first Palestinian intifadah. An-Najah University, Nablus, Palestine. Photo taken by author.

Sculpture commemorating the first Palestinian intifadah. An-Najah University, Nablus, Palestine. Photo taken by author.


The Revolution Within: State Institutions and Unarmed Resistance in Palestine (Forthcoming, Cambridge University Press) 

Why do some individuals participate in risky anti-regime resistance while others, facing similar conditions, do not?  This is the main question that motivates my forthcoming book, The Revolution Within: State Institutions and Unarmed Resistance in Palestine (Cambridge University Press). The book answers this question through an in-depth study of participation in unarmed resistance against Israeli rule in the Palestinian Territories over more than a decade. Despite having strong anti-regime sentiment, Palestinians initially lacked the internal organizational strength often seen as necessary for protest. The Revolution Within provides a foundation for understanding participation and mobilization under these difficult conditions. Its main argument is that, under these conditions, integration into state-controlled, mass institutions - schools, prisons, and courts - paradoxically makes individuals more likely to resist against the state.  Diverse evidence collected during twelve months of field research - including the first, large-scale survey of participants and non-participants in Palestinian resistance, Arabic-language interviews, and other primary sources - supports the argument. The book illuminates how organizationally weak groups often thought to lack the capacity for protest are able to mobilize against powerful regimes, with implications for predicting where and when anti-regime resistance will occur.  


2018. "From the Schools to the Streets: Education and Anti-Regime Resistance in the West Bank" Comparative Political Studies. DOI: 10.1177/0010414018806539. [Appendix]

2017. "Recognition Matters! UN State Status and Attitudes Towards Territorial Compromise" (with Nadav G. Shelef). The Journal of Conflict Resolution 61(3): 537-563. [Appendix]   
*Media coverage: OpenGlobalRights

2016. "The Effects of Authoritarian Iconography: An Experimental Test" (with Sarah Bush, Aaron Erlich and Lauren Prather). Comparative Political Studies 49(13): 1704-1738 . [Appendix]     
*Media coverage: Marginal Revolution, The Monkey Cage, PsyPost


International recognition and support for violence among nonpartisans" (with Nadav G. Shelef, under review)             
What reduces individual support for the use of violence in self-determination conflicts? We advance and test a new explanation - international recognition - for changes in popular support for the use of violence during conflict using a survey experiment centered around the 2012 UNGA recognition of Palestine as a state. While we find no average treatment effect, international recognition does significantly reduce support for violence among the plurality of Palestinians who are nonpartisans. We argue that international recognition reduces support for violence because it conveys new information about the expected payoffs of alternative, nonviolent strategies for achieving political goals. Because nonpartisans tend to have weaker prior political preferences than partisans, they are more responsive to this information. This is the first article to demonstrate that international diplomatic engagement can reduce popular support for violence in the case of an ongoing conflict. This is important because most previously identified determinants of support for violence are either very difficult to change or change very slowly.

"Exploring the Determinants of Child Marriage in the Muslim World" (with Lisa Blaydes and Jeremy Weinstein). 
This paper seeks to explain variation in early marriage across Muslim societies using retrospective health data on women in twenty-two Muslim-majority states.  We find that poverty and civil conflict are strong determinants of early marriage for girls.  There is mixed evidence for the efficacy of government interventions to increase the age of first marriage.